Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations…

Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations…

Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv are becoming notably more widespread since 1997 when Ellen became the very first tv series to own a chat sex gay leading character. This enhance is seen within the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous programs such as for example Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in addition to implies that give attention to homosexual characters in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable stations have actually included programs such as for instance Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more plot that is complex sufficient reason for more explicit sexual actions.

Even though the existence of gay and lesbian figures might have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable sites, it really is confusing just how often television addresses the intimate issues and issues of intimate minorities.

As noted previously, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been contained in programs, they usually have usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, nearly all of exactly just just what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including solitary show instance studies), centering on just how specific programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually examined the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et al., 1993; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of intimate portrayals and discuss sexual dilemmas associated with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.

This paper centers on variables evaluating nonheterosexual content that had been included included in two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.

Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Especially, the information analyses address two research that is broad: (1) as to the extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially sexual behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and just what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual content that is sexual take place, what exactly is its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, style of community, and prime time versus nonprime time development?

System Examples

A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to get two big yearly random types of television programs of interest that is greatest to adolescents and therefore were comprehensive of many sections of this tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable systems (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to white youth, with programs such as Gilmore Girls, 7th Heaven, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) watched by many teens and young adults because the content analyses were part of a larger research project on television exposure and adolescent sexuality, several networks were included because of their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial number of programs with young African American characters ( e.g.

Composite week sampling designs have already been utilized in past content analysis studies to get representative examples of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily picking times of the week or particular time slots for recording over many weeks to lessen prospective bias that may be introduced if all taping had been done inside a single calendar week. Recording associated with the test happened mainly over a 7 period in the fall each year week. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the thirty days of September, we began taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the season that is current. Each three different days of the week were randomly selected for taping from all 11 stations, with all seven days of the week represented three times in the sample week. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (from which time many youth are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or even the show was pre empted by sporting or any other unique events) proceeded through the winter time.

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